How to start a sheep breeding project

The sheep breeding project is one of the small, quick-profit projects, and it is a suitable project for people with limited capital, due to the large demand for sheep, their meat, and wool, especially during the period of Hajj and Umrah. and wool and milk as “ sheep farming ”.

Basics for starting a sheep breeding business

Sound foundations must be set to start any project in a correct manner in order to avoid losses and errors that the project may be exposed to in the absence of a plan for the project and its study, provision of the required funding, and studying the needs of the market and consumers, and this is what the economic feasibility study provides.

Choosing a suitable site for building a sheep farm

 Determining the location of the sheep farm is very important. The appropriate location, which has clean water sources and an ample amount of green for grazing, in addition to medical care, availability of medicines, and the availability of an appropriate method of transportation to and from commercial facilities that provide basic products to start a sheep farm. All these things must be taken into account. Consideration when choosing the land on which the farm will be built.

Buy quality strains

To ensure the success of the project, quality breeds must be purchased either from well-known breeders or farms, and it must be taken into account that the breed that is successfully bred in a certain area may succeed in another area, and the selection of the breed that will be bred depends on the purpose of its breeding mainly, the sheep The ones that are raised for their meat differ from those that are selected for their wool, so the type or breed must be chosen based on the desired product purpose.

Building barns and fencing around the farm or pasture

The sheepfold must meet their basic needs, as it must be appropriate to maintain their safety from the weather conditions in summer and winter and to protect them from predators. It must also be ensured that sufficient air and light enter the barn and that a suitable drainage system is established, and the farm or pasture must be surrounded by a strong fence that prevents sheep from leaving the farm or predators from entering it.


Proper nutrition for sheep is necessary for their proper growth and obtaining maximum production and quality. Good nutrition helps keep sheep healthy and free from diseases. The main food for sheep is all kinds of herbs, plants, and corn. Clean water sources must be provided for drinking constantly.

sheep health

The health of sheep must be taken care of by implementing a preventive program for diseases throughout the year to ensure that they are not infected with diseases, especially those that usually lead to the death of sheep and thus lead to a great loss for the farm owner. Based on specific dates for those vaccinations and vaccinations during the year for adult and young sheep.

permanent trading herds

One of the characteristics of this type of trade is the stability of the number, continuity, and specialization in production. The quality of the products is determined on the basis of the expected profit. It may produce lambs, breastfed or weaned goats, ewes, goats, etc., and an advanced breeding and feeding method is followed to achieve the desired profit.  

temporary trade flocks

  • Nomadic herds: those whose shepherds move to pastures with the aim of grazing the remaining agricultural crops, and the aim is to obtain organic fertilizers.
  • Fattening flocks for the purposes of butchery: all sheep and goats that are old, have injuries, or have poor production, where are fattened and then sold to butcher shops for slaughter directly.
  • Attached herds: They are found in livestock farms in small numbers, with the aim of exploiting fodder materials and the remains of livestock pastures, and they are in numbers ranging from 2-5 heads.

Attention should be paid to several other things when starting a sheep breeding project, such as the types, ages, characteristics, and numbers of both males and females required for breeding, as well as the age structure of the herd, and all of this is determined when the goal of the breeding project is known.

sheep breeding

Breeding ewes is one of the best ways to earn profits in an easy way, as raising ewes does not require much preparation, and they can live quietly with other domestic animals, such as chickens, horses, rabbits, and others, and ewes are distinguished by the products that benefit from them. The breeder daily, as they produce milk, meat, and wool, and they coexist peacefully with their breeders, as the breeder does not find difficulty and difficulty in raising and owning them. Below:

Equipping the barn

The barn is the main shelter for sheep and ewes, and when preparing this barn, it must be surrounded by a high fence; To prevent the escape of sheep and ewes, and to protect them from predators that may be exposed to them, attention must be paid to the need to separate healthy sheep and ewes from sick sheep and ewes, and the sick should be isolated from them in a barn designated for them, and the barn must contain feed; They are places where the sheep’s feed is placed, and the barn contains tassels; They are terraces in which quantities of water are placed to irrigate the animals, and the barn must be sterilized and cleaned from time to time, in addition to being well ventilated.

Taking care of feeding ewes

Some sheep feed on hay, while a large part of them feed on plants, and relying on plants for animal food is the best, as it is the least expensive, and does not require great care, while straw and hay require attention and follow-up, as it may rot when stored incorrectly. especially in the colder months of the year; Which negatively affects the sheep.

Give the ewes a block of salt

The body of ewes and sheep needs many minerals and salts, and these minerals and salts can be provided to them by placing a block of salt in the forages every period so that the ewes and sheep lick them.

Ensure that the water is clean

Sheep, like all other animals and living creatures, need clean water for drinking, and attention must be paid to the cleanliness of the water provided in the barns and to ensure that it is free of waste and dirt that may cause some diseases in sheep over time.

The most important tips when buying ewes and sheep

Before making the purchase, the sheep must be checked and ensured that they are in good health by doing the following:

  • Focus on the eyes of the sheep when buying, the eyes of the sheep should be clear and bright and not show strange signs.
  • Verify the number of sheep’s teeth. It is preferable to buy sheep to keep their teeth.
  • Examine the neck well and inspect it by touching it and making sure that there is no lump in it, and the head must be examined in the same way and make sure it is safe from lumps and ulcers.
  • Examine the sheep’s legs and pay attention to their hooves.
  • Choose sheep that are characterized by a medium body, and it is not recommended to buy weak or very fat sheep.

Advantages of sheep and ewes from other domestic animals

  • You do not need a large space, and this makes it easy to choose the place and pasture in which the person wants to raise sheep.
  • Its medium size compared to other animals such as horses, cows, and camels, and this makes it easier to handle.
  • Not needing special pastures, sheep and ewes feed on the herbs found in the ground and this facilitates the process of feeding them.
  • Ease of dealing with sheep, as they are among the animals that can be driven, and the presence of aggressive sheep is rare, and most of them can be driven.
  • Possibility of owning wool and benefiting from it for some personal purposes, as well as selling it and benefiting from its price.
  • The high prices of meat in the markets make the acquisition of sheep financially profitable.
  • Benefiting from sheep’s milk, and using it in making cheese, butter, and other derivatives.
  • Benefit from sheep manure, which is a natural fertilizer for the soil.

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